Tax Facts

Small Business Tax

Below is a range of useful tax rates for small and medium sized businesses that apply for the 2021-22 year including:

- individual marginal tax rates

- company tax rates

- reasonable domestic and overseas travel allowance amounts

- acceptable amounts for goods taken from stock for private use by business owners

- motor vehicle cents per kilometre rate

- motor vehicle depreciation cost limit

- concessional and non-concessional superannuation contributions limits

- other superannuation and GST thresholds.

Resident Individual Tax Rates - 2021-22 year



$0 – $18,200


$18,201 – $45,000

19c for each $1 over $18,200

$45,001 – $120,000

$5,092 plus 32.5c for each $1 over $45,000

$120,001 – $180,000

$29,467 plus 37c for each $1 over $120,000

Over $180,001+

$51,667 plus 45c for each $1 over $180,000

Compulsory superannuation rate: 10% (from 1 July 2021)

Notes on tax rates

- Taxable income includes capital gains.

- Medicare levy is imposed at the rate of 2% of taxable income is not included.

- Resident individuals are entitled to a refund of imputation credits that exceed the primary tax payable.

- Resident individuals are entitled to the 50% discount on the disposal of assets that are held for at least 12 months.

- Taxpayers may in addition be entitled to the low and middle income tax offset (LMITO) of between $255 and and $1,080.

- Taxpayers may in addition be entitled to the low income tax offset (LITO) of between $700 and $325. 

Reasonable Travel Allowance Claims for Domestic & Overseas Travel

Where an employee, company director, or office holder receives an allowance for travel costs within or outside Australia and the person makes a claim for the costs of accommodation, food, drink and incidental expenses up to certain limits, then the person is not required to keep written evidence (i.e. receipts) of the expenses. These deduction limits are based on the salary of the person and the destination of the trip.

The travel must be for business purposes and the person must be sleeping away from home. Note this concession does not apply to self employed persons, including partners in a partnership.

Click here and then scroll down to access the reasonable travel allowance claims within Australia for 2021/22

Click here and then scroll down to access the reasonable travel allowance claims within Australia for 2020/21

Goods Taken from Stock for Private Use by Business Owners

The ATO each year issues a Determination which outlines the amounts that are acceptable as estimates of the value of goods taken from trading stock for private use by business owners (including their associates) in certain industries who operate as sole traders or in partnership. The relevant amounts need to be included in the assessable income of the individual for the year.

Note that an adjustment for the GST credits claimed in relation to these amounts also needs to be made.

Fringe benefits tax and a different set of valuation rules apply where the business owner is employed through a company or family trust.

Click here and then scroll down to access the acceptable amounts for 2021/22

Click here and then scroll down to access the acceptable amounts for 2020/21

Company Tax Rates

The standard company tax rate is 30%.

From the 2017–18 income year, companies that are base rate entities must apply the lower company tax rates (see below table).

A base rate entity is a company that both:

- has an aggregated turnover less than the aggregated turnover threshold  - which is $50 million from the 2018-19 year onwards

- 80% or less of assessable income is base rate entity passive income (e.g. interest, dividends, rent, and net capital gains). 

Income Year

Applicable Turnover Threshold

Company Tax Rate


25 million



50 million



50 million



50 million



50 million



Companies are required to maintain a franking account on a tax paid basis and are not entitled to a refund of imputation credits that exceed the tax payable.

Companies are not entitled to the 50% discount on the disposal of assets that are held for at least 12 months.

PAYG Withholding Calculator

This calculator is provided by the Australian Taxation Office and determines the PAYG Withholding for an employee who is paid either weekly, fortnightly or monthly.

Click here to access the calculator.

Motor Vehicle Depreciation Cost Limit

Since 1980, the depreciation deduction for cars has been limited by a deemed maximum cost price depending on the year in which the car was acquired.

Income Year

Depreciation Cost Limit



















Per Kilometre Motor Vehicle Rates

These rates are used by individuals when making a claim for motor vehicle expenses up to a maximum of 5,000 business kilometres. They are also used by employers when reimbursing employees for business use of their vehicles.

From 1 July 2015, a single rate applies as follows:

2015/16 Year:    66 cents per kilometre

2016/17 Year:    66 cents per kilometre

2017/18 Year:    66 cents per kilometre 

2018/19 Year:    68 cents per kilometre

2019/20 Year:    68 cents per kilometre

2020/21 Year:    72 cents per kilometre

2021/22 Year:    72 cents per kilometre

2022/23 Year:    78 cents per kilometre

Taxation of Complying Superannuation Funds

Superannuation funds are taxed a rate of 15% on taxable income which includes employer contributions and the deductible portion of self employed contributions. Funds are entitled to a one-third discount on the disposal of assets that are held for at least 12 months and are also entitled to a refund of imputation credits that exceed the tax payable.

Income tax is not payable by the fund on income and capital gains where pensions are paid to the members.

The following changes apply from 1 July 2017:

- the tax exemption for assets supporting a transition to retirement income stream (TRIS) has been removed. This change applies irrespective of when the TRIS commenced.

- there is currently a $1.7 million cap (applies from 1 July 2021) on the amount of superannuation benefits that an individual can have in pension phase which is not subject to tax. The excess over this amount will need to be withdrawn by the member or maintained in an accumulation phase account where earnings are taxed at the rate of 15%.  

Superannuation Contributions Work Test 

Once a person has reached 67 years of age in the financial year, a work test of 40 hours in 30 consecutive days is required to be met at any period during that year, and prior to the contribution being accepted. 

Providing the work test is met in the financial year, personal concessional or non-concessional contributions can be accepted up to 28 days after the month in which the person reaches the age of 75. 

On 11 May 2021, as part of the 2021–22 Federal Budget, the Australian Government announced it will change the superannuation contribution rules for individuals between 67 to 74 years old.

From 1 July 2022, individuals who are between 67 to 74 years old will be able to make or receive non concessional and salary sacrificed contributions without meeting the work test, subject to the existing contribution caps. They will still be required to meet the work test to claim a deduction for personal concessional contributions.

Concessional Superannuation Contribution Limits

The following contribution limits apply for the 2021/22 year:   

- A single annual concessional contributions cap of $27,500 applies to all individuals - both concessional personal and employer contributions are included in this threshold.  

- the threshold at which high income earners pay additional contributions tax of 15% is $250,000 (Division 293 Tax).

Carry-Forward "unused" Concessional Super Contributions

From 1 July 2019, individuals can make 'carry-forward' concessional super contributions if they have a total superannuation balance of less than $500,000 at 30 June of the previous year. The unused concessional contributions caps can be used on a rolling basis for five years upon which they will expire.


Assume no unused contributions for the 2018-19 year, if a person had $20,000 in concessional contributions made on their behalf during the 2019-20 and 2020-21 years, the $5,000 unused cap for each year carries forward to the 2021-22 year.

This means the person can make concessional contributions of up to $35,000 in the 2021-22 year without breaching the concessional contributions cap of $27,500 if their super balance was less than $500,000 at 30 June 2021.  

Non-Concessional Superannuation Contribution Limits

From 1 July 2021, the annual non-concessional (after-tax) contribution cap is $110,000 per year, and $330,000 under the 3 year bring-forward rule.

The following table outlines the non concessional contribution and the bring forward available to members from 1 July 2021: 

Total superannuation balance

Non concessional contribution and bring forward available

Less than $1.48 million

Access to $330,000 cap (over three years)

$1.4 million to less than $1.59 million

Access to $220,000 cap (over two years)

Greater than or equal to $1.59 million to less than $1.7 million

Access to $110,000 cap (no bring-forward period, general non-concessional contributions cap applies)

Greater than or equal to $1.7 million


The total superannuation balance is determined on 30 June of the previous financial year.

Other Superannuation Thresholds for the 2021/22 

  • Super guarantee (SG) rate - From 1 July 2021, increased to 10% (from 9.5%) of ordinary time earnings. The rate will progressively increase to 12% by 1 July 2025.
  • Maximum super guarantee contributions base – increased to $58,920 from $57,090 per quarter. Employers don’t have to provide the minimum super support for the part of earnings above this limit.
  • Capital Gains Small Business contributions cap – increased to $1,615,000 from $1,565,000. The CGT cap amount is the lifetime super contribution limit for proceeds from the disposal of eligible small business assets.
  • Low rate tax cap – increased to $225,000 from $215,000. The low rate cap is the lump sum amount that can be withdrawn tax-free over a lifetime for people that have reached their preservation age, but are not yet aged 60.
  • Government Co-Contribution lower income threshold – increased to $41,112 from $39,837. This is the threshold above which the maximum co-contribution amount of $500 begins to taper.
  • Government Co-Contribution higher income threshold – increased to $56,112 from $54,837. This is the threshold above which the co-contribution will not be paid.

GST Thresholds


* Threshold

Requirement to issue a tax invoice


No requirement to withhold if supplier does not quote ABN


Turnover for compulsory registration for GST

(for any 12 months)

Turnover for compulsory registration for GST (non-profit entity)

(for any 12 months)

Annual turnover for compulsory use of non-cash accounting


Annual turnover for compulsory monthly electronic BAS lodgement


* all amounts are GST exclusive